FODMAPs are a specific group of carbohydrate based food molecules that are not digested by the body as well as others. The ability for our bodies to digest these food molecules can differ from person to person, and some may experience different symptoms due to poor digestion. The types of carbohydrates exist in our diet as Fructans, Oligosaccharides, Lactose and Sugar Polyols.
Poor digestion of FODMAPs can lead to bacteria in our gut feeding of these undigested FODMAPs, producing gas. This excess gas production can result in symptoms of abdominal pain, bloating, wind, diarrhoea and/or constipation.
Low FODMAP trial process:
Following a low FODMAP diet can allow you and your dietitian to recognise, which FODMAPs are being poorly digested. This diet type is only required until the problematic foods have been identified which may be between 2-3 weeks. After 2 weeks a FODMAP food group is introduced and tested, then if no symptoms occur after 48 hours another food from that food group is introduced. If the symptoms remain absent, it is likely that these foods are not problematic in small doses and can be returned to the diet. These steps are continued until the problematic food has been identified. Once identified most people will have to avoid the problematic FODMAP or consume them in minimal amounts in order to reduce or eliminate symptoms.
References: Low FODMAP diet Monash University, shepardworks.com.au
If you have any concerns about your diet, call your Optimum Intake Accredited Practising Dietitian on 0499 008 451 to make an appointment.